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1837 (Ayrshire Directories by Pigot & Co)
A burgh of barony is 72 miles sw from Edinburgh, 49 s of Glasgow, 42 nw of Dumfries, 24 sse of Kilmarnock, 15 se of Ayr, 14 e of Maybole, 12 s of Old Cumnock, and 6 to the eastward of Straiton. This thriving little place is pleasantly situate on the north bank of the water of Doon, and near the base of an eminance, from the summit of which a fine view is obtained of the varied character, comprising rude and lofty mountains and the softer features of cultivation. The manufacture of carpets, blankets and plaiding, and the weaving of cotton goods, together with the coal-mines in the neighbourhood, furnish employment to the many of the industrious class. These mines are at present leases to Mr Wm Sloss, of the "Cross Keys" a very comfortable inn here; the coal, which is obtained by an exceedingly simple method, is sold for the low price of 2s 4d per ton. Besides the trading importance enjoyed by the town, it derives some advantage from resorts of parties of pleasure and for fishing; those who intend to partake of the latter entertainment will find on the banks of the Doon neat boats, furnished by the proprietors of the two good Inns in this place, the "Cross Keys" and the "Black Bull". The loch is a beautiful sheet of water, with a hard rocky shore, extending six miles in length, and abounding in trout of fine flavour. On an island in the lake are the remains of Hallock castle. Some years since a fishing party discovered, at the bottom of the loch, what appears to be boats; and having obtained the necessary assistance, they succeeded in raising three canoes - the largest measuring 24 feet in length by 4 in breadth, and hewn out of a solid log of oak; two were much decayed, but the third was so little impaired as to allow of its being floated on the surface, with a person in it for a considerable time. In Dalmellington are a public and private library, and a reading-room well furnished with standard works, periodicals and newspapers; a sum has been left in trust for the support of the latter and the private library, and for the education of a certain number of children. The parish, which is ten miles in length by about three in breadth, belongs principally to the Honourable Colonel F MacAdam Cathcart of Berleith and his lady. Fairs are held in March, May and December.

Post Office Robert Smith - Postmaster - Letters from Ayr arrive every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday at one, and are despatched every Monday, Wednesday and Friday forenoon at eleven.

McAdam, Mrs Elizabeth (of Craigengillan) Camlarg Lodge
Cathcart, Hon. Colonel Frederick McAdam of Berbith
Houston, Rev. Robert Manse

Black Bull Duncan, Wright
Cross Keys William, Sloss and joiner and lessee of Camlarg Coal Mines

Arthur, William - shopkeeper 
Baird, Jane - grocer & spirit dealer
Dempster, William - grocer & flesher 
Edgar, David - agent for Spring garden bleachfield
Ferguson, Agnes - shopkeeper 
Gammel, Thomas - agent for Glasgow tartan weaving
Gregg, Mary - shopkeeper  
Grierson, John - mason
Hannah, Andrew - tailor 
Hetrick, Robert - blacksmith
Hewlison, Jas - waulk & dying mills 
Hogg, William - tailor
Howitson, James - shoemaker 
Jamieson, John - surgeon
Kay, William - flesher 
McCulloch, Mary - grocer & spirit dealer
McEwan, John - tailor 
McGill, Thomas - boot & shoemaker
McKay, William - boot & shoemaker 
McLimont, John - boot & shoemaker
McLimont, Mary - dress maker 
McMicken, John - tailor
McMicken, William - shopkeeper 
McMurtrie, Dav - joiner & cartwright
McMurtrie, Elizabeth - shopkeeper 
McWhirter, John - baker
Reid, James - surgeon 
Rowan, Janet - shopkeeper
Simpson, David - tailor 
Smith, Robert - grocer, spirit dealer & joiner
Templeton, Thomas - watch and clock maker 
Walker, John - grazier Bellsbank
Walker, John jnr - grazier 
Light Walker, William - shopkeeper
Wallace, Thomas - grocer & draper 
Weir, David - ironmonger & draper
Welsh, John - blacksmith 
Wight, James - joiner
Wight, William - carpet, blanket and plaiding manufacturer
Willet, Duncan - shopkeeper & agent for Glasgow weaving
Wilson, Janet - linen draper

Reid, James - surgeon, librarian

Hewitson, John - librarian

Anderson, James
Douglas, Harriet
Orr, James (partially endowed)
Parochial School, John Hewitson - master & Seccession clerk
Rowan, Janet

To Ayr the "Craigengillan Castle" (from Dumfries) calls at the Black Bull, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday about at twelve; and a car from the Cross Keys every Tuesday and Friday morning at seven.
To Dumfries the "Craigengillan Castle" (from Ayr) calls at the Black Bull every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoon at two.

To Ayr John Houston, every Monday John Orr, every Tuesday and Alexander Gammel, every Friday
To Castle Douglas Thomas Willet from the Black Bull every alternate Monday and David McClure every alternate Saturday.
To Glasgow Thomas Willet and David McClure from the Black Bull every alternate Tuesday.

This transcript was kindly provided by Keith Muirhead from the Sunshine Coast of Queensland.