1861 May 23 Shipe Benjamin Adams. Liverpool. We went on
board got our bunks below Decks. Not pleased goes back to office
demands a berth on upper deck according to agreement sent to.
May 24 Master of the berth get [us] on upper decks likes
it well but had to pay 10! For the boys on account of there passage
be paid in America.
May 25 Our rashings is dealt out. three of us has not
go one allowing we have only got 5 sea biscuits for 10lb of bread for beef
and pork about 1 1\2 lb instead 4 lbs. 2lbs of Oatmeal instead of 4
1/2 is our rashing put together. every
article is dealt out short in proportion to the above and somethings
May 26 passengers arriving daily they are putting
them in the lower decks so as to obtain 5! From them for getting
an upper deck. This the way they do with all who agrees a storage
berth and you can get up.
Today Sabbath Morning the passengers are very
changeable in there performance of religious duties sometimes you
find them reading Praying and crossing them selves and in a few
minutes you will find them dancing singing & whistling & this
Sabbath night the men and woman are trying to sing other down.
27 May 9 o'clock we are preparing to go out in to the
river 1 o'clock the tug is taking us out the shipe into the river
the sailors are preparing the rigger the government commifeimos have
come out to inspect us & brings a Scot passenger which I am happy to
see is. My bed fellow is a fine young English man a Protestant the
name of Samuel Fleumflry he was a Corporal in the horse artillery &
6 years in the east Indian Company was discharged when the company
was broke up.
May 28 12 o'clock the tug is along side to haul us
out to the ocean & brings another Scot passenger there is about 376
passengers now out of that number I am only aware of 4 men & 8 girls
Protestant from Ireland, from Scotland 5 men including ourselves & 2
girls one family eight in number 7 a woman with 3 children there are
prebestarians thinks some two or three families from England I
suspect them to Protestants. ------- 3 o'clock with a fresh breeze
takes back a passenger a young girl who is in a weak state of mind I
it is insanity as she speaks about the her love she left behind.
May 29 No wind the passengers are loitering on deck.
Evening the wind is rising a little calon floating back with the
tide. 11 o'clock morning a young man calls who's for Rosary and takes of dock down to the center of the shipe
where they all kneel down to pray. Some has books but one young man
who seems to be the leader of their prayer group gives out a few
words to Mary the Mother of Christ and other saints which they all
began and repeat. I can liken to nothing but a hive of bees humming
in accent to there master. That is their leader this morning the
first mate went on to the focerslte to do something for himself and
a young gal who was washing dishes can full of water over on the
mate which made him sing out of sorts. Today a stowaway gave himself
up to the captain he is put in limbo the ----- make up 25 in lieu of payin his passage but the captain would not hear of it and the young
is walking away with the sailors. Afternoon second mate takes a pot
of ----- to chase away from the young the girls who he sprinkles
completely & and the men seeing this on the opposite side fly to get
out of the way & by doing this goes right over one another.
May 30 We are
sailing on Welsh coast goig as the tide takes us evening the wind is
spring up the wind has continued all night but rather a head wind
and is blowing fresh today we are in view or Ireland. This morning
the leader of the roman prayer sought me to go down to pray but I
turned my back on him & and he walked away. 11 a.m. a thick fog two
men are put on look out with trumpets which they blow occasionally 4
P.m. fog cleared off blowing ahead. A few of the women are sick
which shows well at the cook house the cooks are leaving duty on the
passengers but the caption was told he gave them a scolding for so
doing. Good drope of rain today the breeze is rising.
1 June about 2
o'clock this morning I waken with a shout of the passengers & the
knocking of barrels & and splashing of water in fear I got in my
cloths with all haste, told my two boys to do the same went on deck
with all speed but some found all ------. The ship goig though a
strong headwind. Went below deck all sick heaving up. Though
out this day the shipe kept pitching passenges are all sick.
I have went to bed. Dan has give up Johnny's stout. The wind is keeping strong.
June 2 most of the
passengers are confined to bed plenty of idle lives in the cook
house high wind one fellow say had he not kept up his heart he would
have died. And with there words away he goes to the bucket which
creates a laugh I am always squeamish Johnny is getting sick but Dan
is better the Roman prayer are ----
3 June The passenger are recovering from their
sickness & the rashing are dealt out today.--------
4 June High wind sea rough shipe pitching greatly
passenger running about deck to put away -------grabing
at everything to steady themselves
5 June Wind is always high and rough I feel very
unwell heaving all my meat up. Ship is going at rate of 8 miles per
hour. The first Mate says we are 1300 miles from Liverpool. I feel
so I must go to bed.
6 June Wind calm sea is smooth I feel a great deal
better today. Roman prayers are getting back they where performed in
the morning. So at dinner time I was heading in my berth when I
heard my Glasgow friend getting a ----up to speak ----- to chastise
him for bad conduct & shortly afterwards I arose to come out on deck
& in going up I stopped to speak to the adaman afeue. .....
The first mate today got his jacks and some ropes and prayed them
right down upon. He says he will annoy them to they go over also he
asked me what it was they sprinkled over the berths he said it was
holy water for the big beloved The first mate he could piss better
holy water. I baked ---- loaf today with eggs butter and sugar.
------ I am a good deal better today.
7 June Very calm shipe going Nothing today happing
---- shout of Porpoises which swim around shipe to night the Romans
assemble as usual for prayer & the sailors are called in to join the
shipe which is above the hatch where prayer is performed ---------.
8 June light wind passengers allowed up on deck.
9 June Clam today Sabbath the people are ------
10 June in morning the first mate struck one of the
men passengers for bad conduct for calling one of the Welch Women a
whore. The ----call him though some ----the tumble ----
11 June Very high winds last night today very wet
sails flapping ship sometimes rocking from side to side one old
woman was pitched away from her ---- a young woman who was preparing
rice for dinner was cast one the rice another. One man a ---- was in
the habit of going into the ----cabin to see some of the passengers
was out which he did not obey so the mate ---- & led him away toward
the stern ------
12 June - 21 June [mostly
talks about the weather, the first mate beating someone up an being
13 June - 15 July. [This portion of the journal
not yet transcribed.]
15 or 16 July Schooners rigged about 10
miles north of us. Shortly one of them fired two guns which made our
Captain concerned less the two lay to us. while they were
approaching some thought they were ___ others privattiers but their
coulers soon told us they were American Frigates. The first one
passed our bow and put out a small boat. One of the officers came
along side and came on board and spent some time in the cabin. One
of the sailors came out of the small boat and told us that they were
in search of a privattier. He said their was ____ while the officer
was on board. The other Friggat past close to our stern with
their officers on the quarter deck. The other deck was covered with
sailors _ smart looking young men. Dressed in light blue shirts and
trousers with a broad blue cloth bonnet bound with tape. The
officers in ___ asked three officers for the union which we give in
good _ we were all _ to notice the graceful manner in which the
officers on board the Friggat returned the complement to us.
[ See more about the Union ship the Morris below ]
17 July - [Toward the end of the trip the journal describes
the preparations for landing. A thick fog has cleared away and land
sighted for the first time. The outline of the shore can seen as
well as other boats. The sailors are cleaning the decks below which
are quite filthy. Passengers are packing their chests for departure
and are throwing their dirty mattresses overboard. They are sleeping
on the top deck the final night of the journey. Many are up all
night in the excitement and anticipation of their arrival in New
York. A tugboat is hired by the captain who has stuck a bargain for
25 dollars to take the ship about 30 miles up the river into port, a
journey that will take about 3 hours. And finally the woman are
preparing themselves and dressing for their arrival in their new