Archery has been practised from very early times both in war and in
hunting, and remained for centuries the most efficient "long range"
weapon, until the 15th century when it was superseded by gunpowder. It was
revived in 1780
by Sir Ashton Lever at Leicester, and in the following year the Royal
Toxophilite Society was instituted, which is still the controlling
Sir Walter Scott in his first note in "Old Mortality" writes: —
"The festival of the Popinjay is still,
believe, practised at Maybole in Ayrshire".
He describes this festival as follows: —
"The young men were to mix in various sports, of which the chief was to
shoot at the popinjay, an ancient game formerly practised with archery,
but at this period with firearms. This was the figure of a bird, decked
with parti-coloured feathers, so as to resemble a popinjay or parrot. It
was suspended to a pole, and served for a mark, at which the competitors
discharged their fuses and carabines in rotation, at the distance of sixty
or seventy paces. He whose ball brought down the mark, held the proud
title of Captain of the Popinjay for the remainder of the day, and was
usually escorted in triumph to the most reputable change-house in the
neighbourhood, where the evening was closed with conviviality, conducted
under his auspices, and. if he was able to sustain it, at his expense. It
will, of course, be supposed, that the ladies of
the country assembled to witness this gallant strife, those excepted who
held the stricter tenents of Puritanism, and would therefore have deemed
it criminal to afford countenance to the profane gambols of the malignants".
This episode consists of a demonstration target shoot by Miss Margaret
Munro, former secretary of Ayr Archery Club.
The Tournament or Tourney was a great feudal festival of sport, at which
knights in full battle regalia, pitted their strength and skill in arms
against each other. A Tourney was usually
- 39 -
arranged by the King, or a powerful baron. He invited knights in the
neighbouring lands to come to his estate and show their skill.
Knights were usually gifted men in the art of war, and on the whole did
much to spread and maintain a high standard of personal conduct. Before
becoming a knight, a man had normally to undergo a thorough training. As a
boy he was taught manners and the etiquette of court by being employed as
a page in the house of a great lady. There, too, he was taught how to
carve and serve meat. Later, as a squire he learned to handle and maintain
weapons. Finally he was subjected to a religious service, consisting of
fasting, bathing, confessing his sins to a priest and watching all night
in a church, after which he received his sword and golden spurs. Finally,
kneeling before the donor, he took an oath to defend the weak and
helpless, never to do anything dishonourable, and to be gentle towards the
As a result of this attitude to life the contests were conducted in a
chivalrous manner. The fighting, which frequently lasted several days,
took place on level ground enclosed by barriers. The challengers collected
at one end, hanging their standards and shields on the trees, or outside
their tents, and the others displayed their equipment at the opposite end.
The spectators sat round the arena, the important persons having seats
raised in tiers. At the end of the contest a lady who had been chosen as
"the lady of the tournament", gave the prize to the champion. The tourney
ended with feasting, music and merriment.
Dancing in various forms is one of the oldest activities of humans.
Country dancing probably owes its name to the Latin word "contra" meaning
opposite. "Contra-dancing" was a form of dancing in which the dancers
formed up opposite to each other. If this is so, the word "country" arose
from constant mispronunciation of "contra". Thus the term "country
dancing" is misleading.
In this episode the two dances featured are "The Theekit Hoose" and "The
Gates of Edinburgh".
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Miming and Singing
Probably the story-teller was the original entertainer. Sometimes he told
his story in words, sometimes in actions. Good stories were frequently
told in verse In that form they were easily memorised, and were frequently
handed down from generation to generation. In Feudal times a popular
entertainment, during an afternoon's sport, was the presentation of a
"dramatic interlude" in which the words were supplied by a choir and the
actions by actors. In this episode "The Tale of Johnny Faa" is depicted in
The gypsies cam to our gude lord's yett,
And oh but they sang sweetly;
They sang sac sweet and sac very complete,
That down cam our fair lady.
And she cam tripping down the stair,
And all her maids before her;
As soon as they saw her weel-faur'd face.
They cuist the glamourye ower her.
"Oh come with me", says Johnnie Faa;
"Oh come with me, my dearie,
For I vow and I swear by the hilt of my sword
That your lord shall nae mair come near ye!"
* * *
And when our lord cam hame at e'en,
And speired for his fair lady,
The tane she cried, and the other replied,
"She's away wi' the gypsy laddie".
"Gae saddle to me the black, black steed,
Gae saddle and mak him ready;
Before that I either eat or sleep
I'll gae seek my fair lady".
And we were fifteen weel-made men,
Although we were na bonnie;.
And we were a' put down for ane,
A fair young wanton lady.
* * *
This tale is entirely legendary. In one version the Earl is reputed to
have hanged the gypsies on the Dule Tree, or Tree of Sorrow, which was
situated on a mound near the old tower of Cassillis. In another version,
he and his men are credited with having killed the gypsies by the sword at
It is probably of Scandinavian origin, an old Norwegian version being very
popular in Norway.
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Aeroplanes, which in the memory of millions living today, were merely
figments of the imagination of impractical dreamers, are to-day so much a
part of life, that to many children they are no longer a source of wonder
To many they are now a subject of absorbing interest. These enthusiasts
while studying the science of aerodynamics, can never-theless still
appreciate the beauty of flight.
In Maybole there is a Model Club, which has a section dealing with
aircraft. The membership is about thirty, the under fifteens paying
threepence a week, and the over fifteens sixpence. The Secretary is
Quentin Wilson and the Treasurer David Dunn. When asked for the name of
the President, the Secretary replied "This is a club for models, not
Good luck to them. They have acquired their own clubroom, and quite apart
from their exploits with models, have demonstrated what can be done with
the two great assets—initiative
This episode consists of a number of demonstration flights with aircraft
from the above club and the Prestwick Model Aero Club.
The Musical Ride
The Musical Ride as known to-day, is a natural development of using
cavalry in a disciplined manner in times of war. The effect of horsemen
charging, shoulder to shoulder in line, was infinitely greater and more
powerful than of a wild mob rushing on the enemy.
The iron discipline and drilling required by cavalry in war- time became
in peace-time the framework of the Musical Ride. In peace-time it
was customary for cavalry regiments to have an "At Home" to relatives and
friends, and at the end of the day's proceedings, it would usually end
with a Musical Ride Display. Generally, the display was not
confined only to those connected with a Calvary Regiment but was performed
before an increasingly interested public.
The Horse in War is no longer essential, but
in any part of Pageantry, or occasions of Pomp and Circumstance he is
needed in all his grace and dignity. A Musical Ride demands the best from
horse and rider. Skill, practice, and above all co-operation as a team are
essential for success.
- 42 -
Clay Pigeon Shooting
Towards the close of the seventeenth century firearms were first used for
sporting purposes. It was not then considered unsporting to shoot at a
"sitting" target. In fact at the beginning of the nineteenth century a man
who could shoot birds flying was looked upon as a wonder.
Clay pigeon shooting is practised by many gun clubs. The normal gun is a
double-barrel twelve bore shot gun. The "birds" which are roundels of clay
are projected into the air by a special machine, two at a time. The object
is to break both of them using a shot from each barrel. In
this type of shooting was governed by the Inanimate Bird Shooting
Association which in
was renamed the Clay Bird Shooting Association.
Golf, which has been called Scotland's national game, may have originated
in Scotland. Although there is no definite record of when it was first
played, it is known to have been popular in St. Andrews when the
University was founded in 1413.
It was particularly approved by the Archibishop of St. Andrews in 1553,
of Scotland and I of England introduced it to England at Blackheath,
founding in that year the oldest known club, the Royal Blackheath. The
next two clubs to be formed were the Royal Burgess Golfing Society of
and the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers in 1744.
the St. Andrews Golf Club was founded. In 1834
King William IV
granted it the prefix of "Royal and Ancient". It is generally regarded as
the foremost club in the world, and is the governing body of the game.
by which time professional golfers were coming to the fore, the Prestwick
Golf Club presented as a challenge trophy the Champion Belt, which became
the property of any player who should win it three years in succession.
Thus began the Open Championship. It was won outright by "Young
Tom" (Tom Morris,. junior), by his wins in 1868, 1869,
The competition was not held in 1871,
as the Belt was then the property of "Young Tom". In 1872
the present cup was presented for competition and was won in that year by
"Young Tom", who unfortunately died three years later at the early age of
This episode depicts golf at the end of the nineteenth century,
a very primitive course where the greens were not up to the general
standard of the times. The three phases depicted are approaching, putting
- 43 -
Liberation of Pigeons
Tame pigeons have been kept since ancient times, and probably for
thousands of years have been used to carry messages. The Greeks built
special lofts in the outposts of their cities, containing pigeons which
were released to warn the city of the approach of invaders. In more recent
history, the news of Waterloo was brought to this country by carrier
pigeon two days before the official despatch of Wellington arrived.
A few years after this, in about
the sport of racing pigeons developed in Belgium. In
Belgian birds brought to Britain started an interest which resulted in the
National Union being formed in
Racing pigeons are of two main types, sprinter flying up to two hundred
and fifty miles, and long-distance birds flying up to six hundred miles.
The very best birds fly at nearly two thousand yards a minute, and at
least one bird has come home from a distance of over one thousand miles.
Since the time of Noah, if not before, the dove has been treated as a bird
of good tidings and peace. At many great functions, such as the opening of
the Olympic Games, a great number of birds are released simultaneously.
This is known as a mass liberation.
Maybole Past and Present—Lawson
Third Statistical Account—by
Boyd History of Ayrshire and Its Families—by Paterson
Pre-historic Man in Ayrshire—by
Tales of a Grandfather—Scott
The Carrick Directory of
Encyclopedia of Sports, Games and Pastimes
The Language of Sport—by
- 44 -
Tableaux and Group Organisers
Rev. G. B. Anderson
The Roasting of the Commendator
The Union of the Crowns and the
Act of Union
Miss H. Chesney
Carrick Provident Co-operative
Bailie J. Dunlop
Stocks and Weaving
A. J. Glashan
Scottish Episcopal Church
Rev. R. Hill
Carrick Sailing Club
Vicar of Parish Church, Monks of
Crossraguel Abbey and Priests
of Chantry Chapel
Rev. Father Meaney
Carrick Homing Society
Knights in Armour, Smugglers and
Miss M. Murdoch
Early Shoe-making and Youth
Miss M. Stewart
Emigration to Canada 1907
Miss M. Tait
Robert the Bruce, Macadam and
- 45 -
Cast in Procession
Dunlop. Assistant Bandmaster—J.
Colquhoun. Members of Band—
Colquhoun, W. Walker, R. McColm, W. Steel,
M. Thomson, R. Dickson, S. Boden, J. Gray, A Lothian, A McColm, J. McEwan,
Harris, J. McCuIloch, J. Brannan, R. Stevenson, T.
Hamilton, J. McLellan, J. Bissett, J. McDarrabol.
Jolson, H. Cook, A. Waugh, J. Gaffney, J. McBride, G. Kidd, T. McBride, T.
MrsMcPhie, Msses A. McMillan, M. McDowall, J.
Caroline Rennie, Fiona Scott.
Malone, M McLarty, J. Connolly, J Meek.
Lt-Col. I. E. Dobbie, G. McEwan, R. McDowall, B. Jess, H. Robertson, T.
Galloway, T Barton, H. McDowall, J.McLintock, Alexander McCrindle.
Corbett, E. McCaffrey.
Misses R. Caldwcll, M Murdoch.
Tweedily and D. Sullivan
Austin, J. Barr, W. Benny
William Scotbie, Alexander Girvan, Robert McDowall, James McLeish, John
Misses S. Falconer, S. McClure.
James Reid, Ian Rutherford, Wallace Galbraith, Stewart Giles, Terry Craig,
Hill, Nigel Hill, Alec Cowan, Duncan Campbell, James Thompson, Andrew
Denness, James Dunlop, William Neil, Charles Smith, Joseph Galloway,
W. Richford, R. Bramwrll, E. Goldring, C. B. Gordon, G. Tweddie.
Andrew Proudfoot, William McCubbin, Ian Douglas, Janette Kiltie, Madge
Wilma, Kennedy, Charlotte. Barton.
Miss H. Chesney.
Caroline Adams, Celia Jauncey, Agnes Bannatyne, Maidy Bannatyne, Susan
Wendy Dunlop, Christian Fergusson, Alex. Crawford.
Members of Lodge.
Misses E. Davidson, J.McKay.
Jessie Lamb, Helen Cron, Ina McLardy, Pearl Houston.
A—Elizabeth Elin, Jill Kerr, Alison Gibb; B—Miss M. Murdoch, Mrs Gairdner,
Murdoch Murdoch, Alison Hannah, C-
P. M. Bannatyne, A. Owens, Miss J. Morrison;
D- J. Gray, C. Macpherson, D. Conn, R. Morrison, Miss M.
Tait, miss M. Dunlop.
William Simpson, Martin Hay.
Members of Carrick Co-operative Society.
Cpls. John Walker, Sam McDowall, L/Cpls.
Bert Fleming, Hugh Cron, William Campbell,
Ptes. Ian Wilson, James Ross, Ian Page.
John McEwan, John Houston, William Craig.
Conkie, J. Douglas, T. Watson, Misses W. Burns, M. Campbell, M. Garvie, D.
Harvey, N. Hamilton, Mrs Niven, Mrs McLellan, K. McQuade, J. Campbell,
P.L. J. Mullen, P.L. R. Paterson,
send. A. Cook, Send. A. McCartney, Send.
Send. S. Murdoch, J. Austin, J. Rodger.
Members of the Carrick Homing Society.
Violet Wotherspoon, Cecilia McDowall, Netta McAlpine, Anne Watson,
Sheena Walker, Catherine. Johnston, Martha
Members of the British Legion.
Members of the Lodge..
Ian Corbett, Jack McLeish, Tom Johnston, Hugh Lyburn, Hugh Mundell, Jim
Ferguson Happel, Tom Hamilton. John Harris, Malcolm McCulloch, Stephen
James McLellan, Adam Boyd, Eric Hastings, John McCubbin, Robert
Margaret Mullen, Janie Nimmo, Sandra Hunter, Edith Bunon,
Isabel Cook, Morag Templeton.
Jack and Sons.
Anderson, J. Crossley, T Harvey, H.
I. Page, R. Page, A. Waugh,
Betty Dunabie, Jean Kennedy, Lilian Kennedy, Marjory Colquhoun.
Margaret C. Reid, Margaret H. Reid, Maureen Wilson, Mavis Peat, Mary
Rodger, Moira Hamilton, Aileen Harris.
Walker, D. Maclennan.
P.Ls. Jim Kay, Colin Kilpatrick, Ronald Johnston, George
Thomson, Jim Lucas;
Seconds—Frank Kennedy, S. Kennedy, R. Paul.
Jack and Sons.
Hutchison and McCreath.
Lees and Co.
Members of the Carrick Provident Co-operative Society.
Members of Carrick Sailing Club.
Francis Malone, DennisFarrel,
Robert Brown, William Coyle, Elizabeth Donnelly,
Margaret Scobie, Catherine Meek, Bertha McGarry.
Graham Wotherspoon, John Bone, Lachlan Lothian, Robert Gibson, Moira
Thomson, Lily Green, Mary Gibson.
Kenneth Macpherson, Kenneth Murray, James Wylie, Archie Hunter, Catherine
Eleanor Ewing, Marion Black, Madge Duncan.
Miss White, David Gray, Audrey Adams, Joan Bramwell.
Cast in Spectacle
Countess of Carrick—Miss
Marjory Murdoch; Robert Bruce—David Gray; Knights and
M. Munro, Joan Bramwell, Margaret Murdoch, Audrey Adams, Lesley
Gairdner, Christian Fergusson, Caroline. Adams; Page-
Miss Margaret Munro.
Rennie, Fiona Scott; Lady of the Tournament- Sadie. Falconer;
Baron of the Land—J
Thorburn; Ladies in Waiting—Jean
Fergusson, Elizabeth Kidd,
Violet McColm, Jean McCulloch, Marion McCulloch, Margaret
James Fergusson - Mrs Jim
Ian Kidd - Miss Eliz. Fergusson, William
Mrs James McCreath, James Fulton
Mrs Robert Millar.
Countess of Cassillis—Rita
A. Caldwell; Johnny Faa—Raymond
Lewis; Earl of Cassillis—
Miss M. Murdoch; Choir Mistress—Miss
J. Graham L.R.A.M.; Choir—Members
Parish Church; Accompanist- Miss B. McPherson; Violin-
Miss J. McQuaker; Knights and
Ladies - as in
- J. Thorburn, T.Fleming,
W. Tweedily, W. Simpson, M.
Hay, J. McEwan, R. McDowall, B.
jess, H. Robertson, T. Henderson, D. Galloway, T.
Barton, H. McDowall, J. McLintock, W. Benny.
Members of Maybole Model Club and Prestwick Aero Club.
Murdoch, L. Gairdner, C. Rennie, F. Scott, M. Bannatyne, A. Bannatyne, S.
Hannah, W. Dunlop, A. Hannah, C. Jauncey, C. Adams, A. Adams.
W. Sharp and members of Straiton Gun Club.
F. Scott, C. Adams, A. Adams, M. Murdoch
Conn A. Glashan, R. Morrison, R. Meiklejohn.
of Carrick, Homing; Club.
- 47 -
The Charter of
The Town Charter is a curious old document written in Latin and dated
14th November 1516. It was given under the hand of John, Duke of Albany,
guardian of James the Fifth, who was but a child. It begins by saying
that the Charter was granted by the king for the special favour he bore
towards our beloved cousin and counseller, Gilbert, Earl of Cassillls, and
our devout priests, the provost and prebendaries of the Collegium of
Maybole". (Gilbert was the father of Abbot Quentin, who debated with John
The Charter grants to the inhabitants of Maybole "full power and free
faculty of buying and selling within the same, wine, wax, woollen, and
linen cloth (both broad and narrow), and all other merchandise; and with
power and liberty of having and holding in the said burgh, bakers,
brewers, fleshers and vendors as well of flesh as of fish, and all other
tradesmen belonging to a free burgh of barony".... "that there be in the
said burgh free burgesses and that they have power, in all time to come,
of electing annually bailies, and all other officers necessary for the
govern-ment of the said burgh, with power to the burgesses and inhabitants
of the said burgh of having and holding therein a Market Cross for ever,
and a market upon Thursdays every week, and Public Fairs yearly, at
the Feast of the Bondage of St. Peter, viz., Lammas day, and
for eight days following, with all tolls and liberties pertaining to
Public Fairs, or that justly thereto may pertain in any manner of way".
Charter of John Kennedy
Lord of Dunure
"In virtue of Apostolic Letters of Pope Clement
addressed to Walter, Bishop
for ratification of the foundation of the Chapel of St. Mary of Maybole
near the cemetery of the Parochial Church of Maybole the said John
appoints and ordains that one of the Priests in the said Chapel shall be
Provost in the government thereof; the said Provost
the oversight of the other two Priests who shall obey him in things lawful
ordaining also that the Provost shall have
the whole lands of Barlach, Barcley, and
'Over Balmaclawanthan, namely of Archylone and Ardowrag, paying thereof
yearly to one of the Priests
of good money; also he shall have one mercate of the lands
of Kynach; the second Priest
said Chapel shall have three mercates of the
lands of Maybole together with the mill
thereon situated; one mercate of the land
called Knokneby; six
mercates of the land Trewchan. And
Priest to have four mercates of
the land of Pennyglen; three mercates of
Cultzeown. And so on to their
their order. He
shall reside continuously unless a
reasonable cause intervenes and they have
the Provost; also that they shall celebrate
Mass daily, when disposed
thereto, further that
they shall be present
in the Chapel
during all Canonical Hours as well on
the Lord's Day
as on Festival
P. BOYD &
GEO. T. BOYD)
Slater and Electrician
- 48 -
J. Anderson and Mr J. Fowler of Carrick Academy and Mr A. J. Merson
for valuable historical information.
Rev. A. Williamson and Miss M. Stewart who read sections of
the script and
made valuable suggestions.
Rev. Father F. Meancy for information and guidance on the
early Christian Church, and for finding players for the pre-Reformation
T Murray for his generosity in giving information which he had collected
as a result of his personal research in connection with an address
which he gave some years ago to the Baptist Youth Fellowship. This
together with his copy of the Directory provided most of the material
about weaving and shoe-making.
Fred Lewis who as
and constructive critic was brimful with good suggestions.
Provost Gray for his
encouragement and advice.
Alexander, the Burgh Surveyor, for his co-operation in adapting the Sheep
Park for the Spectacle.
R. Sproat of "The Ayrshire Post" for his cooperation.
G. Crawford, who took an immense amount of trouble and time in order to
take his pictures in the best setting.
The County Police for
their efficient and understanding co-operation.
Society for the loan of ropes and stobs.
"The Evening Citizen"
for their Melody Van, and Yo-Yo experts.
Sub-Committee for the use of the ground of Carrick Academy.
The Marquis of Ailsa
for the loan of the original sword of Robert Bruce.
Archie Hunter, the
Cover Artist, and Mr W. Lockhart for model of Sheep Park.
All who lent clothes,
and to all who helped in any way at all.
J. Sword for the loan
of a veteran car.
Advertisers, without whose generous contributions, the
publication of this programme would have been impossible.
The following who
Adams. Dr Ben N. Peach Bannatyne, Mrs Dunlop, Lady Fergusson, Mrs Gairdner,
Mr Gray, Provost Gray, Mr Hannah, Mr R. Lewis, Miss M. E. Murdoch, Mr
Scott, Mrs Tulloch, Mr Wallace, Mrs B. Kennedy, Mr W. A. White, Mrs
Collins, Mrs Greenlees, Miss I. Paton, K.E.C.S.
Mr A. Kidd, J. Faulds and Son, Mr Callaghan, Mr Houston, Mr D. Reid, Mr
Adrain, Mr McQuater, Mr Gray, British Road Services.
Fergusson of Kilkerran, Mr H. Hannah, Mrs Bruce, Kennedy, Mr W. A. White.
[Lady Fergusson, Lady Moore,. Mrs B. Kennedy, Mr H. Hannah, Mr J. Train
- Major P. Anderson, Mr W. McCubbin, Mr J. McQuiston, Mrs
McQuaker, Mr R. Martin.
- 49 -