TURNBERRY CASTLE Artist: D. O. Hill S. A. Engraver: J.
Horsburgh Turnberry, spelled in old writings Turnbiri, Tornbery, and
T'urnbym, was, in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the principal
house in Carrick, and the seat of a powerful race of native chiefs,
derived from Fergus lord of (galloway, and designated Earls of Carrick,
who possessed the supreme influence in this mountainous region previous to
the rise of the Kennedies. The castle was situated on a rock at the
extremity of a low peninsula, within the parish of Kirkoswald. The sea
raged, in front at the base of the rock, and even found its way, by a
creek, into the interior of the fortress. Behind, the low territory just
mentioned formed a pleasant domain, on which rose a small town, long since
obliterated from the Boil. The castle itself occupied about three-fourths
of a Scottish acre, and must have been originally an impressive structure,
especially seen from the sea; but only a few feet of the walls now remain.